Programma 101

Computer
Date of appearance: 1965
Trademark: olivetti
Made in: Italy
Dimensions: 465 × 610 × 275 mm
Designer: Mario Bellini, Pier Giorgio Perotto
Manufacturer: Olivetti


_ Pier Giorgio Perotto (1930 -2002) has long been regarded as the ‘father of the PC’ in Italy. He joined Olivetti in the late 1950s as part of its newly established electronics division. This division’s task was to develop a computer, and the result was the first computer designed and manufactured in Italy, the Elea 9003 in 1959. The Programma 101 grew out of a project that Perotto continued, without the endorsement of his managers, after Olivetti disposed of its electronics division in the early 1960s. Perotto’s work drew upon his Elea experience and led to a product that helped Olivetti move beyond mechanical calculators. It was released on the international market in 1965 as a low cost desktop computer. It was a successful product, selling over 44,000 units from 1965 through to the early 1970s. Ninety per cent of sales were to North America, where its market dominance was attributed to its simplicity, functionality, robust construction, appearance and low cost. The Programma 101′s commercial life ended in the early 1970s with the introduction of competing products, such as the Hewlett-Packard 9100. _ powerhousemuseum.com

Programma 101
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Source:powerhousemuseum.com
Source:powerhousemuseum.com
Source:powerhousemuseum.com