Hammond 1 MahoganyTypewriter
Manufacturer: The Hammond Typewriter Co.
Designer: James Hammond
Made in: New York, USA
Originally Sold For: $100
James Hammond was one of the great typewriter pioneers, beginning work on his remarkable machine in the late 1870s. It was patented in 1880 and was first manufactured in 1885. The Hammond typewriter has a truly brilliant mechanical design and great looks too. Encased in Mahogany and with solid ebony keys, it is of the highest quality. Instead of using typebars, a split type-shuttle with hardened rubber characters (see detail below) rotates each way into position as the keys are pushed. Then a spring-loaded hammer swings from behind the carriage, striking the paper and ribbon against the type-shuttle to print. The constant force of the hammer gives an even impression to each character typed, regardless of how soft or hard the keys are pushed. The type-shuttle (shown below) is readily interchangeable, allowing for different fonts and languages. There were hundreds of choices available. "For every nation, for every tongue" was the slogan Hammond used to convey this versatility. This typewriter sold for $100, the normal price for a full keyboard typewriter of the day. In comparison, a horse drawn carriage sold for between $40 and $70. One might well imagine that with the name Hammond and with ebony piano like keys, that there would be a connection with the Hammond Organ Company but there is none.