Soyuz Spacecraft

Scale model
Date of appearance: 1982
Developer: OKB-1 (now RSC Energia), Khrunichev Factory
Manufacturer: Moscow Experimental Factory of Visual Aids
Designer: Sergey Korolev
Made in: Moscow, USSR
Scale: 1:10
Dimensions: 1.7 × 1.35 × 1 m
Weight: 8.5 kg
Materials: steel, plastic
Tags: cosmos, birthofnewage, polytech, space, translate


The Soyuz spacecraft was designed in 1966 by the leading rocket engineer Sergey Korolev at the Experimental Design Bureau OKB-1. Unlike Vostok, it had a different design of the descent module and was equipped with an additional orbital module and a docking navigation system. The descent module had a teardrop shape with a frontal shield and a propulsion system, allowing for a controlled descent. The orbital module provided improved conditions for cosmonauts during the orbital flight. It had more room, so they could remove their spacesuits, sleep and eat. The first unmanned launches were unsuccessful. The first manned launch of the 7K-OK version took place on April 23, 1966. It was also a failure as cosmonaut Viktor Komarov died at the descent stage due to a malfunction in the parachute system. Since then, the «Soyuz» series has been constantly modified. It is used to deliver crews to long-term orbital stations.

Soyuz Spacecraft
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