Luna-1 SatelliteScale model
Developer: OKB-1 (now RSC Energia)
Manufacturer: Moscow Experimental Factory of Visual Aids
Made in: USSR
Dimensions: 1200 × 360 mm
Weight: 4.05 kg
Tags: cosmos, birthofnewage, polytech, space, translate
The Luna-1 satellite was developed by OKB-1 (now RSC Energia), it was the fourth station in the Soviet Moon program and the first station, the launch of which was successful. The first three attempts failed due to the malfunction of the rockets. The purpose of this station was to reach the surface of the Moon, as well as to conduct a number of onboard experiments. The launch took place on January 2, 1959, after which the station successfully entered the calculated trajectory. However, due to an error in the calculations, the station did not reach the Moon, flying by the Earth’s satellite at a distance of 6,000 kilometers at the closest point. During the trajectory correction, the engineers did not take into account the time it took for the signal to reach the station from Earth. Nevertheless, Luna-1 still set a number of important records. It became the first artificial satellite of the sun, reaching the escape velocity. In addition, its onboard magnetometer was the first to detect the outer radiation belt of the Earth. It was also the first time in history when the solar wind parameters were measured. On the way to the moon, the station created an artificial comet, releasing about a kilogram of sodium vapor: the cloud could be seen from Earth.