Space First Aid KitFirst aid kit
Made in: USSR
Tags: cosmos, birthofnewage, polytech, space, translate
The first aid kit is an indispensable item on every manned spacecraft. This is vital because no one is immune to accidents and small injuries, not even astronauts, which are supposed to be super healthy. Modern spaceships of the Soyuz series have two different first aid kits onboard, in spite of the fact that the flight to the International Space Station (ISS) usually lasts no more than six hours. One of the two kits contains some medical supplies that help fight g-forces and the zero gravity consequences, and the other has some first aid necessities inside. On the ISS, the situation is different: since the astronauts spend several months on the station, it is necessary to have a more substantial set of medical supplies, including emergency drugs. As of 2014, the Russian segment of the ISS had eighteen packs with medical supplies. In the US segment, there were only nine similar packs, but these contained not only the drugs but also a few basic diagnostic tools: an ophthalmoscope for eyes examination, an ear otoscope and a stethoscope for the lungs. Also, the ISS is equipped with a kit for the express blood test, which all the crew members take regularly. On the ground, a team of doctors is on duty 24 hours a day, its task is to monitor the medical condition of the astronauts. For obvious reasons, there is no specialized medical equipment aboard the ISS, so in a case of an emergency, the astronauts will have to rely on the medical supplies at hand and hold on for 72 hours. This is how long it takes to make preparations for receiving the crew from the space.