FM-2 Tissue-Equivalent Phantom Mannequin

Mannequin
Date of appearance: 1968
Developer: Institute of Biomedical Problems
Manufacturer: Zvezda Factory
Made in: Tomilino, USSR
Dimensions: 0.53 × 0.24 × 1.72 m
Weight: 70 kg
Materials: steel, wood
Colors: gold, silver
Tags: cosmos, birthofnewage, polytech, space


The FM-2 phantom mannequin was developed in the Research Institute of Medical and Biological Problems of the USSR Academy of Sciences in 1968. The mannequin was designed for the study of the effect of space radiation on the human body. The task was complicated by the fact that for the correct assessment of the radiation dose, it was necessary for the mannequin to respond to radiation in the same way as do the tissues of the human body. This explains the unusual choice of materials: wheat and sawdust. The total weight of the mannequin was 70 kg, its height was 170 cm. According to the intention of the engineers, the mannequin had to look like Yury Gagarin. Inside the mannequin, there were about 20 channels, which accommodated dosimeters located in the areas of the most important organs. The FM-2 mannequin participated in the missions of the Soviet space program for several times: it traveled around the moon in the Zond-7 mission of 1969, and it circled the Earth on the Cosmos-368 satellite in 1970.

FM-2 Tissue-Equivalent Phantom Mannequin
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