Lunokhod-1 Lunar Roving Vehicle

Scale model
Date of appearance: 1970
Developer: NPO Lavochkin
Manufacturer: Moscow Experimental Factory of Visual Aids
Made in: Moscow, USSR
Scale: 1:3
Dimensions: 600 × 900 × 1100 mm
Weight: 35 kg
Materials: metal, glass, fiberglass
Colors: white
Tags: cosmos, birthofnewage, polytech, space

A scale model of the Lunokhod-1 (moon walker in Russian), the world’s first spacecraft that was built to move across the surface of another planet. It was developed at the Lavochkin machine-building plant in Khimki at the end of the 1960s. The launch of the «Luna-17» automatic interplanetary station with Lunokhod-1 on board was held on November 10, 1970. A week later, on November 17, 1970, the station soft-landed on the moon and Lunokhod-1 rolled down to the lunar surface in the area of Mare Imbrium (the Sea of Rains). For ten months this planetary rover worked on the moon, three times exceeding its calculated capacity. During its mission, it covered a distance of 10.5 kilometers, transmitted around 25,000 photos to Earth and conducted the chemical analysis of lunar soil twenty-five times. In addition, Lunokhod-1 was equipped with a corner cube reflector that was used to accurately measure the distance to the moon. Due to the degradation of the radioisotope power source Lunokhod-1 stopped working and transmitting data on September 30, 1971. It is noteworthy that in 2010 «Lunokhod-1» was detected in the photographs of the lunar surface, and a month later, a group of US scientists was able to once again hit its reflector by the laser beam. Lunokhod-0 (No.201), the previous and first attempt to do so, launched in February 1969 but failed to reach orbit.

Lunokhod-1 Lunar Roving Vehicle